Vedanta Texts

Kena Upanisad

“By whom (kena, i.e., by whose mere intent) is the impelled mind directed?” With this profound question, the Kena Upanishad begins. One of the shortest Upanishads, Kena offers one of the most thorough presentations of Vedanta in its first two chapters. The prose of the last two chapters narrates how the gods take credit for …

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Katha Upanisad

Part of the Krishna Yajurveda, and one of the most popular Upanishads, Katha Upanishad comprises two parts and 120 verses. It is one of the ten Upanishads Shankara commented on, and comes to us in the form of a dialogue between young seeker Nachiketa and Lord Yama (Death). Lord Yama test Nachiketa’s qualifications as a …

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Brahmasutra (Part-2)

Brahmasutra with commentary of Adi Shankara, the First Four Sutras of the Brahma Sutra covers the essence of the entire vision of the Vedanta Sastra. They also state that all the Upanisad reveals this same vision. In the rest of Brahma-Sutra, what is taught in these First Four is thoroughly discussed and proved. The introduction …

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Bhagavad Gita (Chapter 18 – Part 1)

In this section on moksa-sannyasa, the significance  of the entire gita-sastra is summed up. Here Sri Krishna extensively praises Sarva Karma sannyasa, the renunciation of all actions by giving up the sense of doership. In keeping with the depth and clarity of Sankara Bhasyam, Swamiji will unfold the subject matter exhaustively. An Audio Course on …

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Bhagavad Gita (Chapter 17)

Arjuna asks what happens when a person has Shraddha (trust in the Shastra) but it is not able to follow the stipulations of the Shastra. Lord Krishna responds that a person is what his Shraddha is. He gives a nuanced description of the degrees of Shaddha (derived from Sattva, Tajas, and Tamas). He then talks …

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Bhagavad Gita (Chapter 16)

Lord Krishna further elaborates the important values he calls Jnanam, as well as their opposites, including the motives that drive them. By becoming alert to the thinking behind our behavior, we are better able to uncompromisingly cherish these values, which hold the promise of release from Samsara. An Audio Course on Vedanta Texts- Bhagavad Gita: …

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Bhagavad Gita (Chapter 15)

Purusottama, the whole person, is the topic of this chapter. Lord Krishna describes the tree of samsara, the nature of jiva (individual self), Ishvara, and finally purusottama, the substratum of all three. When we know this ultimate reality, we gain the fulfillment resulting from attaining all that is to be attained in life. An Audio …

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Bhagavad Gita (Chapter 14)

In this chapter, Lord Krishna explains the three Gunas (Satva, Rajas, and Tamas) that constitute the human personality. We learn how they appear to bind us and how we can become free from that apparent bondage. An Audio Course on Vedanta Texts- Bhagavad Gita: Bhagavad Gita (Chapter 14) by Swami Tattvavidananda Saraswati.

Bhagavad Gita (Chapter 13)

In this chapter,Verses 1-11 reveal the knowledge of the identity of the self with the Lord. They also teach the values and attitudes that are essential for this knowledge so essential, that they themselves are called knowledge by Lord Krishna. In verses 12-34, Krishna fulfills his promise to teach Arjuna the knowledge of Brahman, the …

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